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         Research Reports
 
 
Statistics tables Survey method Contact information Points to note Respondents' demographics Full questionnaires
(Chinese only)
 
  Surveys on June Fourth Incident (first survey conducted on 10-15/5/1993; on-line from 3/6/2000; latest survey conducted on 22-25/5/2017; latest release on 2/6/2017)
 
         Head Countings
 
   2009 June 4 Vigil Headcounting Project (4/6/2009) (Chinese only)
The HKU Public Opinion Programme is fully responsible for the 2009 June 4 Vigil Headcounting Project. Results of the headcounting project are released via links of this website.
 
  Combined Charts Of The June 4 Vigil Over The Years
 
  Combined Charts Of Rallies Over The Years
 
  Combined Charts Of Rallies Over The Years(More than 20000 people attended)
 
         Articles
 
  「Passing On June 4 Collective Memory: Results of the on-site survey of June Fourth Candlelight Vigil (2)」 Joseph Man Chan (Professor at the School of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese University of Hong Kong), Francis Lee (Associate Professor at the School of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese University of Hong Kong), Robert Ting-Yiu Chung (Director of Public Opinion Programme, the University of Hong Kong) (1/7/2011)
The Chinese version of this article was published in Ming Pao on June 30 and July 1, 2011, with titles 「Anti-June 4 Remembering Discourse and Reinforcement of June 4 Collective Memory」 and 「Passing On June 4 Collective Memory」 respectively. Mainly through analyzing the results of the on-site survey of June Fourth Candlelight Vigil, the article acknowledges the background and demands of participants.
 
  「Anti-June 4 Remembering Discourse and Reinforcement of June 4 Collective Memory: Results of the on-site survey of June Fourth Candlelight Vigil (1)」 Joseph Man Chan (Professor at the School of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese University of Hong Kong), Francis Lee (Associate Professor at the School of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese University of Hong Kong), Robert Ting-Yiu Chung (Director of Public Opinion Programme, the University of Hong Kong) (30/6/2011)
The Chinese version of this article was published in Ming Pao on June 30 and July 1, 2011, with titles 「Anti-June 4 Remembering Discourse and Reinforcement of June 4 Collective Memory」 and 「Passing On June 4 Collective Memory」 respectively. Mainly through analyzing the results of the on-site survey of June Fourth Candlelight Vigil, the article acknowledges the background and demands of participants.
 
  "Headcounts on June 4 and July 1" Ivan Yiu-Wing Poon and Thomson Chung-Sum Hui (Core Members of HKU Student Research Team) (12/7/2005)
The Hong Kong University Student Research Team has observed and head-counted this year's June Fourth Candlelight Vigil and July 1 Rally. By this article, two core members briefly described the counting methods applied, their results and limitations. The authors also put the accent on the utmost importance of transparency and scientific approach during the process. The Chinese version of this article was published by the Hong Kong Economic Journal on July 12 2005.
 
  "June 4 and July 1 Surveys Article Series" Robert Ting-Yiu Chung (Director of Public Opinion Programme, the University of Hong Kong), Joseph Man Chan (Professor at the School of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese University of Hong Kong), Francis Lee (Assistant Professor at the Department of English and Communication, the City University of Hong Kong) (18/8/2004)
The article was published by MingPao in two parts, on August 17 and 18, 2004, with respective titles of "Room for Improvements in June Fourth Candlelight Vigil" and "Fighting for Democracy is the Common Aspiration in July 1 Rally". The article conducted a qualitative analysis on the aspirations of participants in the June Fourth Candlelight Vigil and the July 1 rally with the on-line survey results, and discussed the future trend of mass movement.
 
  "June Fourth Candlelight Vigil Surveys Article Series" Joseph Man Chan (Professor at the School of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese University of Hong Kong), Robert Ting-Yiu Chung (Director of Public Opinion Programme, the University of Hong Kong), Francis Lee (Assistant Professor at the Department of English and Communication, the City University of Hong Kong) (30/6/2004)
This long article in Chinese was published by Ming Pao in a series of four shorter articles, between 22 and 24 June 2004, with respective titles of "Youngsters Commemorate June Fourth", "The Essence of June Fourth Candlelight Vigil passes on by the Media", "Media Accused of Changing Attitude Towards June Fourth" and " 'Objectivation' of June Fourth by the Media". The article mainly analyzed the June Fourth Candlelight Vigil's meaning to the participants, their demographic characteristics and the importance of mass media on preserving and disseminating information related to the June Fourth Incident. The article also discussed the change of the mass media's attitude when reporting the June Fourth Incident.
 
  "June Fourth Angst Unsettled" Robert Ting-Yiu Chung (Director of Public Opinion Programme, the University of Hong Kong) (3/6/2003)
The article mainly described the author's feelings when faced with the latest survey findings of the June Fourth Incident.
 
         Press Releases
 
 HKU POP releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (2/6/2017)
 
 HKU POP releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (3/6/2016)
 
 HKU POP releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (2/6/2015)
 
 HKU POP releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (3/6/2014)
 
 HKU POP releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (30/5/2013)
 
 HKU POP releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (31/5/2012)
 
 HKU POP releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (2/6/2011)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (1/6/2010)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases the latest headcount figures of the June 4 Vigil (12/6/2009)
 
 HKU POP SITE today releases the findings of the latest annual survey of June Fourth incident (27/5/2009)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (3/6/2008)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (31/5/2007)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (1/6/2006)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (31/5/2005)
 
 June Fourth commemoration is good for society (5/6/2004)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases findings of the latest annual June Fourth survey (1/6/2004)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases a June Fourth survey and a column article (3/6/2003)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases the latest results on people's satisfaction with the freedom of press, their appraisal of the credibility of the news media, and the annual survey on the June Fourth Incident (4/6/2002)
 
 HKU POP SITE releases the latest survey on June Fourth Incident (1/6/2001)
 
 HKU POP SITE established and releases the latest survey on June Fourth (3/6/2000)
 

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