HKU POP releases popularity figures of CE and principal officialsBack

 

Press Release on June 14, 2016

| Detailed Findings (Rating of Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying) |
| Detailed Findings (Popularity of Principal Officials) |


Special Announcement

To facilitate academic study and rational discussion, Public Opinion Programme (POP) at The University of Hong Kong has already released for public examination some time ago via the “HKU POP SITE” (http://hkupop.hku.hk) the raw data of all 98 regular rating surveys of CE CY Leung, as well as the 181 regular rating surveys of former CE Donald Tsang and 239 regular rating surveys of former CE CH Tung, along with related demographics of respondents. POP today releases the raw data of the latest which is the 99th CE rating survey of CY Leung. Please follow normal academic standards when using or citing such data.


Abstract

POP interviewed 1,024 Hong Kong people between 6 and 8 June, 2016 by means of a random telephone survey conducted by real interviewers. Our latest survey conducted in early June shows that the popularity rating of CE CY Leung has significantly increased by 2.0 marks to 38.2 compared to two weeks ago, but still below the warning line of 45. His latest approval rate is 22%, disapproval rate 64%, giving a net popularity of negative 42 percentage points. As for the Secretaries of Departments, the latest support rating of CS Carrie Lam is 53.2 marks. Her approval rate is 49%, disapproval rate 21%, giving a net popularity of positive 28 percentage points. The latest support rating of FS John Tsang is 61.1 marks, approval rate 64%, disapproval rate 6%, thus a net popularity of positive 58 percentage points. As for SJ Rimsky Yuen, his support rating is 44.8 marks, which is his all-time record low since he became SJ, approval rate 25%, disapproval rate 28%, giving a net popularity of negative 3 percentage points. In terms of popularity rating and approval rate, John Tsang continues to be the most popular Secretary of Department. As for the Directors of Bureaux, compared to one month ago, the net approval rates of 6 among the 13 Directors have gone up, while 7 have gone down. Among them, Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan, Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So, Secretary for Education Eddie Ng, Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung and Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah register significant changes in their net approval rates, up by 6 percentage points and down by 7, 9, 9 and 14 percentage points respectively. Among all the Directors, Nicholas Yang, Gregory So, Paul Chan, Lau Kong-wah and Eddie Ng register negative popularities, at negative 6, negative 8, negative 28, negative 37 and negative 51 percentage points respectively. The net approval rates of Lau Kong-wah and Eddie Ng are at their respective all-time record lows since they became Directors of Bureaux. Ko Wing-man continues to be the most popular Director, with a net approval rate of positive 70 percentage points. According to POP’s standard, Ko Wing-man falls under the category of “ideal” performer, John Tsang falls under the category of “successful” performer. The performance of Carrie Lam, Matthew Cheung, Lai Tung-kwok, Anthony Cheung, Raymond Tam, Wong Kam-sing, Rimsky Yuen, Gregory So and Paul Chan can be labeled as “mediocre”. That of Ceajer Chan, Nicholas Yang and Clement Cheung can be labeled as “inconspicuous”. CY Leung, Eddie Ng and Lau Kong-wah fall into the category of “depressing” performer, while no one falls into that of “disastrous”. The maximum sampling error of all approval and disapproval rates is +/-4 percentage points at 95% confidence level, while the sampling errors of rating figures and net approval rates need another calculation. The response rate of the survey is 70%. As the support rating of CE CY Leung continues to stand below the warning line of 45, Research Manager of POP, Frank Lee, reprints the abstracts of two articles written by Director of POP, Robert Chung, before on CE popularity, to discuss the possibility of a governance crisis. The articles can be downloaded in full from the POP Site.

Points to note:

[1] The address of the “HKU POP SITE” is http://hkupop.hku.hk, journalists can check out the details of the survey there.

[2] The sample size of this survey is 1,024 successful interviews, not 1,024 x 70.2% response rate. In the past, many media made this mistake.

[3] “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. When quoting these figures, journalists can state “sampling error of rating not more than +/-2.2, sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4%, and sampling error of net values not more than +/-7% at 95% confidence level”.

[4] Because of sampling errors in conducting the survey(s) and the rounding procedures in processing the data, the figures cannot be too precise, and the totals may not be completely accurate. Therefore, when quoting percentages of the survey(s), journalists should refrain from reporting decimal places, but when quoting the rating figures, one decimal place can be used.

[5] The data of this survey is collected by means of random telephone interviews conducted by real interviewers, not by any interactive voice system (IVS). If a research organization uses “computerized random telephone survey” to camouflage its IVS operation, it should be considered unprofessional.


Latest Figures

POP today releases the latest popularity figures of CE CY Leung and various Secretaries of Departments and Directors of Bureaux under the accountability system. From 2014, POP enhanced the previous simple weighting method based on age and gender distribution to “rim weighting” based on age, gender and education (highest level attended) distribution. The latest figures released today have been rim-weighted according to provisional figures obtained from the Census and Statistics Department regarding the gender-age distribution of the Hong Kong population in 2015 year-end and the educational attainment (highest level attended) distribution collected in the 2011 Census. Herewith the contact information for the latest survey:

Date of survey

Overall sample size

Response rate

Maximum sampling error of percentages[6]

6-8/6/2016

1,024

70.2%

+/-3%

[6] Errors are calculated at 95% confidence level using full sample size. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Questions using only sub-samples would have bigger sampling error. Sampling errors of ratings and net approval rates are calculated according to the distribution of the scores collected.


As different questions involve different sub-samples, the sampling errors will vary accordingly. The table below briefly shows the relationship between sample size and maximum sampling errors for the readers to capture the corresponding changes:

Sample size

(total sample or sub-sample)

Sampling error of percentages[7]

(maximum values)

Sample size

(total sample or sub-sample)

Sampling error of percentages[7]

(maximum values)

1,300

+/- 2.8 %

1,350

+/- 2.7 %

1,200

+/- 2.9 %

1,250

+/- 2.8 %

1,100

+/- 3.0 %

1,150

+/- 3.0 %

1,000

+/- 3.2 %

1,050

+/- 3.1 %

900

+/- 3.3 %

950

+/- 3.2 %

800

+/- 3.5 %

850

+/- 3.4 %

700

+/- 3.8 %

750

+/- 3.7 %

600

+/- 4.1 %

650

+/- 3.9 %

500

+/- 4.5 %

550

+/- 4.3 %

400

+/- 5.0 %

450

+/- 4.7 %

[7] Based on 95% confidence interval.


Recent popularity figures of CE CY Leung are summarized as follows:

Date of survey

17-22/3/16

5-7/4/16

18-21/4/16

3-5/5/16

24-26/5/16

6-8/6/16

Latest change

Sample base

1,000

1,000

1,011

1,000

1,009

1,024

--

Overall response rate

68.1%

68.3%

68.6%

69.7%

69.9%

70.2%

--

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding and error [8]

--

Rating of CE CY Leung

39.8[9]

41.6

39.6[9]

40.0

36.2[9]

38.2+/-1.8

+2.0[9]

Vote of confidence in CE CY Leung

23%

25%

22%

21%

19%

22+/-3%

+3%

Vote of no confidence in CE CY Leung

62%

57%[9]

63%[9]

62%

64%

64+/-3%

--

Net approval rate

-40%

-32%[9]

-41%[9]

-41%

-46%

-42+/-5%

+4%

[8] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state “sampling error of rating not more than +/-1.8, sampling error of percentages not more than +/-3%, sampling error of net approval rates not more than +/-5% at 95% confidence level” when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[9] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level under the same weighting method, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.


Recent popularity figures of the three Secretaries of Departments under the accountability system are summarized below:

Date of survey

1-4/2/16

24/2/16 [11]

7-10/3/16

5-7/4/16

3-5/5/16

6-8/6/16

Latest change

Sample base[10]

576-651

528

642-708

650-735

526-557

527-582

--

Overall response rate

66.4%

63.6%

67.4%

68.3%

69.7%

70.2%

--

Latest finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding & error [12]

--

Rating of CS Carrie Lam

52.7

--

54.2

55.4

56.6

53.2+/-2.2

-3.4[13]

Vote of confidence in CS Carrie Lam

45%

--

50%[13]

51%

49%

49+/-4%

--

Vote of no confidence in CS Carrie Lam

24%

--

21%

21%

16%[13]

21+/-3%

+5%[13]

Net approval rate

20%

--

29%[13]

30%

33%

28+/-7%

-5%

Rating of FS John Tsang

62.3[13]

62.2

63.4

63.4

62.6

61.1+/-1.8

-1.5

Vote of confidence in FS John Tsang

59%

58%

69%[13]

70%

65%[13]

64+/-4%

-1%

Vote of no confidence in FS John Tsang

8%

10%

8%

7%

9%

6+/-2%

-3%[13]

Net approval rate

51%

48%

60%[13]

64%

56%[13]

58+/-5%

+2%

Rating of SJ Rimsky Yuen

44.9

--

46.5

48.3

49.0

44.8+/-2.1

-4.2[13]

Vote of confidence in SJ Rimsky Yuen

26%

--

34%[13]

34%

32%

25+/-4%

-7%[13]

Vote of no confidence in SJ Rimsky Yuen

31%

--

27%

28%

27%

28+/-4%

+1%

Net approval rate

-5%

--

7%[13]

6%

5%

-3+/-6%

-8%[13]

[10] The frequency of this series of questions is different from that of CE popularity ratings. Comparisons, if made, should be synchronized using the same intervals. Starting from 2011, these questions only uses sub-samples of the tracking surveys concerned, the sample size for each question also varies.

[11] The survey conducted on 24/2/2016 was the Budget instant survey and only asked rating of FS as well as his vote of confidence.

[12] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state “sampling error of various ratings not more than +/-2.2, sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4%, sampling error of net approval rates not more than +/-7% at 95% confidence level” when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[13] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level under the same weighting method, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.


Latest popularity figures of Directors of Bureaux under the accountability system are summarized below, in descending order of net approval rates:

Date of survey

5-7/4/16

3-5/5/16

6-8/6/16

Latest change

Sample base [14]

567-645

575-624

591-635

--

Overall response rate

68.3%

69.7%

70.2%

--

Sample base for each question/
Percentage of answer

Base

%

Base

%

Base

% &

error [15]

--

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man

588

79%

613

76%

599

75+/-4%

-1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man

588

7%

613

7%

599

5+/-2%

-2%

Net approval rate

588

71%

613

69%

599

70+/-5%

+1%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan

576

38%

614

37%

618

39+/-4%

+2%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan

576

11%

614

13%

618

9+/-2%

-4%[16]

Net approval rate

576

27%

614

24%

618

30+/-5%

+6%[16]

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Labour and Welfare Matthew Cheung

607

45%

604

41%

606

42+/-4%

+1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Labour and Welfare Matthew Cheung

607

23%

604

22%

606

21+/-3%

-1%

Net approval rate

607

23%

604

18%

606

21+/-6%

+3%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung

622

23%

585

17%[16]

603

18+/-3%

+1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung

622

9%

585

10%

603

10+/-3%

--

Net approval rate

622

14%

585

7%[16] [18]

603

9+/-4%

+2%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam

600

32%

609

29%

609

30+/-4%

+1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam

600

25%

609

23%

609

27+/-4%

+4%

Net approval rate

600

7%[17]

609

6%[19]

609

3+/-6%[20]

-3%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok

645

39%[16]

594

36%

628

34+/-4%

-2%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok

645

28%

594

29%

628

31+/-4%

+2%

Net approval rate

645

11%

594

7%[18]

628

3+/-6%[20]

-4%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung

596

39%

624

34%[16]

635

31+/-4%

-3%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung

596

22%

624

23%

635

29+/-4%

+6%[16]

Net approval rate

596

17%

624

11%

635

2+/-6%

-9%[16]

Vote of confidence in Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing

594

32%

595

28%

591

29+/-4%

+1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing

594

25%

595

22%

591

28+/-4%

+6%[16]

Net approval rate

594

7%[17]

595

6%[19]

591

1+/-6%

-5%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang

591

24%

599

18%[16]

616

19+/-3%

+1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang

591

23%

599

25%

616

25+/-4%

--

Net approval rate

591

1%

599

-7%[16]

616

-6+/-5%

+1%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So

589

30%

579

29%

619

24+/-3%

-5%[16]

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So

589

30%[16]

579

31%

619

32+/-4%

+1%

Net approval rate

589

0%

579

-1%

619

-8+/-6%

-7%[16]

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Development Paul Chan

593

22%

583

19%

606

22+/-3%

+3%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Development Paul Chan

593

53%

583

49%

606

49+/-4%

--

Net approval rate

593

-32%[16]

583

-30%

606

-28+/-6%

+2%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah

567

21%

575

19%

612

16+/-3%

-3%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah

567

48%

575

43%[16]

612

53+/-4%

+10%[16]

Net approval rate

567

-27%

575

-23%

612

-37+/-6%

-14%[16]

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Education Eddie Ng

604

17%

619

15%

604

11+/-3%

-4%[16]

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Education Eddie Ng

604

61%

619

57%

604

62+/-4%

+5%[16]

Net approval rate

604

-44%

619

-42%

604

-51+/-6%

-9%[16]

[14] Starting from 2006, these questions only uses sub-samples of the tracking surveys concerned, the sample size for each question also varies.

[15] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state “sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4% and sampling error of net approval rates not more than +/-6% at 95% confidence level” when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[16] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level under the same weighting method, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.

[17] Based on the figures in early April, in one decimal place, the respective net approval rates of Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing and Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam are 7.1 and 6.6 percentage points. Thus, they are ranked seventh and eighth at that time.

[18] Based on the figures in early May, in one decimal place, the respective net approval rates of Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok and Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung are 7.2 and 6.7 percentage points. Thus, they are ranked fifth and sixth this time.

[19] Based on the figures in early May, in one decimal place, the respective net approval rates of Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing and Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam are 5.9 and 5.6 percentage points. Thus, they are ranked seventh and eighth this time.

[20] Based on the figures in the latest survey, in one decimal place, the respective net approval rates of Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam and Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok are 3.3 and 3.1 percentage points. Thus, they are ranked fifth and sixth this time.


The latest survey showed that, CE CY Leung scored 38.2 marks, and 22% supported him as CE, his net approval rate is negative 42 percentage points. Meanwhile, the corresponding ratings of CS Carrie Lam, FS John Tsang and SJ Rimsky Yuen were 53.2, 61.1 and 44.8 marks, and 49%, 64% and 25% would vote for their reappointment correspondingly. Their net approval rates are positive 28, positive 58 and negative 3 percentage points respectively.

As for the Directors of Bureaux, according to the net approval rates, results revealed that the top position goes to Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man, attaining positive 70 percentage points. The 2nd and 3rd places belong to Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan and Secretary for Labour and Welfare Matthew Cheung with net approval rates of positive 30 and positive 21 percentage points respectively. Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung, Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam, Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok, Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung, Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing, Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang, Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So, Secretary for Development Paul Chan, Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah and Secretary for Education Eddie Ng ranked 4th to 13th, their corresponding net approval rates are positive 9, positive 3, positive 3, positive 2, positive 1, negative 6, negative 8, negative 28, negative 37 and negative 51 percentage points. In other words, only Ko Wing-man scored a net approval rate of over 50% among all Directors of Bureaux.


Opinion Daily

In January 2007, POP opened a feature page called “Opinion Daily” at the “POP Site”, to record significant events and selected polling figures on a day-to-day basis, in order to let readers judge by themselves the reasons for the ups and downs of different opinion figures. In July 2007, POP collaborated with Wisers Information Limited whereby Wisers supplies to POP each day starting from July 24, a record of significant events of that day, according to the research method designed by POP. These daily entries would be uploaded to “Opinion Daily” as soon as they are verified by POP.

For the polling items covered in this press release, the previous survey of some items was conducted from 3 to 5 May, 2016 while this survey was conducted from 6 to 8 June, 2016. During this period, herewith the significant events selected from counting newspaper headlines and commentaries on a daily basis and covered by at least 25% of the local newspaper articles. Readers can make their own judgment if these significant events have any impacts to different polling figures.

4/6/16

Results of the Central Allocation for Primary One Admission are released.

3/6/16

The Urban Renewal Authority announces plans to revive three sites in To Kwa Wan, at a cost of at least HK$10 billion.

2/6/16

The Bank of East Asia Limited announces to cut 180 people and close all East Asia Securities retail spots.

31/5/16

A report on lead-in-water scandal is released by an independent investigation panel.

20/5/16

The green rooftop of sport center in the City University of Hong Kong collapses.

19/5/16

The end of Zhang Dejiang’s three days visit to Hong Kong.

18/5/16

Zhang Dejiang delivers a speech during the welcome banquet.

17/5/16

Zhang Dejiang visits the government headquarters, and listens to the work report by the HKSAR Government.

15/5/16

Police enhances the security measures for Zhang Dejiang visit.

13/5/16

Hong Kong’s first-quarter GDP grows only 0.8%.


Commentary

Note: The following commentary was written by Research Manager of POP, Frank Lee.

Our latest survey conducted in early June shows that the popularity rating of CE CY Leung has significantly increased by 2.0 marks to 38.2 compared to two weeks ago, but still below the warning line of 45. His latest approval rate is 22%, disapproval rate 64%, giving a net popularity of negative 42 percentage points.

As for the Secretaries of Departments, the latest support rating of CS Carrie Lam is 53.2 marks. Her approval rate is 49%, disapproval rate 21%, giving a net popularity of positive 28 percentage points. The latest support rating of FS John Tsang is 61.1 marks, approval rate 64%, disapproval rate 6%, thus a net popularity of positive 58 percentage points. As for SJ Rimsky Yuen, his support rating is 44.8 marks, which is his all-time record low since he became SJ, approval rate 25%, disapproval rate 28%, giving a net popularity of negative 3 percentage points. In terms of popularity rating and approval rate, John Tsang continues to be the most popular Secretary of Department.

As for the Directors of Bureaux, compared to one month ago, the net approval rates of 6 among the 13 Directors have gone up, while 7 have gone down. Among them, Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan, Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So, Secretary for Education Eddie Ng, Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung and Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah register significant changes in their net approval rates, up by 6 percentage points and down by 7, 9, 9 and 14 percentage points respectively. Among all the Directors, Nicholas Yang, Gregory So, Paul Chan, Lau Kong-wah and Eddie Ng register negative popularities, at negative 6, negative 8, negative 28, negative 37 and negative 51 percentage points respectively. The net approval rates of Lau Kong-wah and Eddie Ng are at their respective all-time record lows since they became Directors of Bureaux. Ko Wing-man continues to be the most popular Director, with a net approval rate of positive 70 percentage points.

According to POP’s standard, Ko Wing-man falls under the category of “ideal” performer, John Tsang falls under the category of “successful” performer. The performance of Carrie Lam, Matthew Cheung, Lai Tung-kwok, Anthony Cheung, Raymond Tam, Wong Kam-sing, Rimsky Yuen, Gregory So and Paul Chan can be labeled as “mediocre”. That of Ceajer Chan, Nicholas Yang and Clement Cheung can be labeled as “inconspicuous”. CY Leung, Eddie Ng and Lau Kong-wah fall into the category of “depressing” performer, while no one falls into that of “disastrous”.

The following table summarizes the grading of CE and the principal officials for readers’ easy reference:

“Ideal”: those with approval rates of over 66%; ranked by their approval rates shown inside brackets

Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man (75%)

“Successful”: those with approval rates of over 50%; ranked by their approval rates shown inside brackets

FS John Tsang Chun-wah (64%)

“Mediocre”: those not belonging to other 5 types; ranked by their approval rates shown inside brackets

CS Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor (49%); Secretary for Labour and Welfare Matthew Cheung Kin-chung (42%); Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok (34%); Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung Bing-leung (31%); Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam Chi-yuen (30%); Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing (29%); SJ Rimsky Yuen Kwok-keung (25%); Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So Kam-leung (24%); Secretary for Development Paul Chan Mo-po (22%)

“Inconspicuous”: those with recognition rates of less than 50%; ranked by their approval rates; the first figure inside bracket is approval rate while the second figure is recognition rate

Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan Ka-keung (39%, 47%); Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang Wei-hsiung (19%, 44%); Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung Wan-ching (18%, 28%)

“Depressing”: those with disapproval rates of over 50%; ranked by their disapproval rates shown inside brackets

CE Leung Chun-ying (64%); Secretary for Education Eddie Ng Hak-kim (62%); Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah (53%)

“Disastrous”: those with disapproval rates of over 66%; ranked by their disapproval rates shown inside brackets


Since the support rating of CE CY Leung continues to stand below the warning line of 45, I reprint again the abstracts of two articles written by Robert Ting-Yiu Chung, Director of POP, before on CE popularity for public reference, to discuss the possibility of a governance crisis. The articles can be downloaded in full from the POP Site.

“The Popularity of Tung Chee-hwa from All Angles” (released on 14/5/2003): “According to our experience, a political figure with less than 50 marks can be said to have fallen into negative popularity, while a score of less than 45 marks can indicate credibility crisis. Using this analysis, Tung has been negatively popular among the general public since August 2002, and in March 2003, he has sunk into a credibility crisis…”

“New Perspectives on Chief Executive Ratings” (released on 12/6/2003): “Concurrent tests showed that a support rating of 55 marks was more or less equivalent to a ‘vote share’ of 45%, 50 marks could be converted to round about 30%, 45 marks to 20%, and 40 marks to 10% to 15%... In late 1990, after the ‘approval rate’ of Margaret Thatcher sank to 25%, she withdrew from the election for the leader of the British Conservative Party, thereby gave up her job as the Prime Minister of UK, a post which she held since 1979. In early 1997, John Major lost his post of Prime Minister to Tony Blair, after his ‘approval rate’ hovered around the level of 30% for a long time. As for former USA President Bill Clinton, his lowest ever ‘approval rate’ within his 8-year terms of office was as high as 37%...”


Future Release (Tentative)

  • June 21, 2016 (Tuesday) 1pm to 2pm: Hong Kong people’s ethnic identity