HKU POP releases popularity figures of CE, CE-elect and principal officialsBack

 

Press Release on June 13, 2017

| Detailed Findings (Rating of Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying) | Detailed Findings (Popularity of Principal Officials) |

Special Announcements

1. Robert Chung, the Director of Public Opinion Programme (POP) of The University of Hong Kong, continues to publish his article series “Chung’s Blunt Words: HKSAR 20th Anniversary Series” in his online column “Chung’s Blunt Words” ( www.facebook.com/ChungsBluntWords ) today. He mentions that all 7 “motions of impeachment” against CE in the past were initiated by elected members which more or less reflected voices of the general public. The copyrights of all articles are open to the world, the media are welcome to re-publish the articles in full or in part, early or concurrent publication can also be arranged.

2. To facilitate academic study and rational discussion, POP has already released for public examination some time ago via the “HKU POP SITE” (http://hkupop.hku.hk) the raw data of all 123 regular rating surveys of CE CY Leung, as well as the 181 regular rating surveys of former CE Donald Tsang and 239 regular rating surveys of former CE CH Tung, along with related demographics of respondents. POP today releases the raw data of the latest which is the 124th CE rating survey of CY Leung. Please follow normal academic standards when using or citing such data.

Abstract

POP interviewed 1,036 Hong Kong people between 5 and 8 June, 2017 by means of a random telephone survey conducted by real interviewers. Our latest survey shows that the latest support rating of CE CY Leung is 37.6, and continues to stand below the warning line of 45. His latest approval rate is 20%, disapproval rate 73%, giving a net popularity of negative 54 percentage points, which is similar to that of two weeks ago. As for CE-elect Carrie Lam, her latest support rating is 54.7 marks, approval rate 49%, disapproval rate 44%, meaning that her net popularity has increased from zero registered two weeks ago to positive 6 percentage points, which is a record high since she was elected. As for the Secretaries of Departments, the latest support rating of CS Matthew Cheung has dropped significantly by 6.0 marks over the month past to 49.3 marks. His approval rate is 26%, disapproval rate 18%, giving a net popularity of positive 8 percentage points, also representing a significant drop of 9 percentage points from last month. The latest support rating of FS Paul Chan has significantly dropped by 5.6 marks from a month ago to 34.1 marks, approval rate 18%, disapproval rate 48%, giving a net popularity of negative 30 percentage points. As for SJ Rimsky Yuen, his support rating stands at 46.6 marks, both approval rate and disapproval rate at 30%, giving a net popularity of negative 1 percentage point. In terms of popularity rating and approval rate, Matthew Cheung continues to be the most popular Secretary of Department. As for the Directors of Bureaux, compared to one month ago, the net approval rates of 2 among 13 Directors have gone up, while 10 have gone down and 1 remains unchanged. Among them, only Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung and Secretary for Labour and Welfare Stephen Sui register significant changes in their net approval rates, down by 10 and 6 percentage points respectively. Among all the Directors, Nicholas Yang, Lau Kong-wah and Eddie Ng register negative popularities, at negative 5, 25 and 51 percentage points respectively. Ko Wing-man continues to be the most popular Director, with a net approval rate of positive 72 percentage points. According to POP’s standard, Ko Wing-man falls under the category of “ideal” performer, Ceajer Chan falls under the category of “successful” performer. The performance of Lai Tung-kwok, Wong Kam-sing, Raymond Tam, Gregory So, Anthony Cheung, Rimsky Yuen, Lau Kong-wah and Paul Chan can be labeled as “mediocre”. That of Matthew Cheung, Stephen Sui, Eric Ma, Nicholas Yang and Clement Cheung can be labeled as “inconspicuous”. Eddie Ng falls into the category of “depressing” performer, while CY Leung falls into that of “disastrous”. The maximum sampling error of all approval and disapproval rates is +/-4 percentage points at 95% confidence level, while the sampling errors of rating figures and net approval rates need another calculation. The response rate of the survey is 69%. As the support rating of CE CY Leung continues to stand below the warning line of 45, Senior Data Analyst of POP, Edward Tai, reprints the abstracts of three articles written by Director of POP, Robert Chung, before on CE popularity, to discuss the relationship between CE popularity and governance crisis. The articles can be downloaded in full from the POP Site or facebook page “Chung’s Blunt Words”.

Points to note:

[1] The address of the “HKU POP SITE” is http://hkupop.hku.hk, journalists can check out the details of the survey there.

[2] The sample size of this survey is 1,036 successful interviews, not 1,036 x 69.4% response rate. In the past, many media made this mistake.

[3] “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. When quoting these figures, journalists can state “sampling error of rating not more than +/-2.2, sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4%, and sampling error of net values not more than +/-7% at 95% confidence level”.

[4] Because of sampling errors in conducting the survey(s) and the rounding procedures in processing the data, the figures cannot be too precise, and the totals may not be completely accurate. Therefore, when quoting percentages of the survey(s), journalists should refrain from reporting decimal places, but when quoting the rating figures, one decimal place can be used.

[5] The data of this survey is collected by means of random telephone interviews conducted by real interviewers, not by any interactive voice system (IVS). If a research organization uses “computerized random telephone survey” to camouflage its IVS operation, it should be considered unprofessional.


Latest Figures

POP today releases the latest popularity figures of CE CY Leung, CE-elect Carrie Lam and various Secretaries of Departments and Directors of Bureaux under the accountability system. From 2014, POP enhanced the previous simple weighting method based on age and gender distribution to “rim weighting” based on age, gender and education (highest level attended) distribution. The latest figures released today have been rim-weighted according to provisional figures obtained from the Census and Statistics Department regarding the gender-age distribution of the Hong Kong population in 2016 year-end and the educational attainment (highest level attended) distribution collected in the 2011 Census. Herewith the contact information for the latest survey:

Date of survey

Overall sample size

Response rate

Maximum sampling error of percentages[6]

5-8/6/2017

1,036

69.4%

+/-3%

[6] Errors are calculated at 95% confidence level using full sample size. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Questions using only sub-samples would have bigger sampling error. Sampling errors of ratings and net approval rates are calculated according to the distribution of the scores collected.


As different questions involve different sub-samples, the sampling errors will vary accordingly. The table below briefly shows the relationship between sample size and maximum sampling errors for the readers to capture the corresponding changes:


Sample size

(total sample or sub-sample)

Sampling error of percentages[7]

(maximum values)

Sample size

(total sample or sub-sample)

Sampling error of percentages[7]

(maximum values)

1,300

+/- 2.8%

1,350

+/- 2.7%

1,200

+/- 2.9%

1,250

+/- 2.8%

1,100

+/- 3.0%

1,150

+/- 3.0%

1,000

+/- 3.2%

1,050

+/- 3.1%

900

+/- 3.3%

950

+/- 3.2%

800

+/- 3.5%

850

+/- 3.4%

700

+/- 3.8%

750

+/- 3.7%

600

+/- 4.1%

650

+/- 3.9%

500

+/- 4.5%

550

+/- 4.3%

400

+/- 5.0%

450

+/- 4.7%

[7] Based on 95% confidence interval.


Recent popularity figures of CE CY Leung are summarized as follows:

Date of survey

16-20/3/17

3-6/4/17

24-27/4/17

8-11/5/17

22-25/5/17

5-8/6/17

Latest change

Sample base

1,017

1,009

1,006

1,004

1,003

1,036

--

Overall response rate

72.2%

73.1%

71.4%

72.1%

69.7%

69.4%

--

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding and error [8]

--

Rating of CE CY Leung

40.5

41.3

41.5

41.7

38.1[9]

37.6+/-1.9

-0.5

Vote of confidence in CE CY Leung

18%

23%[9]

26%

25%

20%[9]

20+/-2%

--

Vote of no confidence in CE CY Leung

79%

71%[9]

66%[9]

68%

73%[9]

73+/-3%

--

Net approval rate

-61%

-47%[9]

-40%[9]

-43%

-53%[9]

-54+/-5%

-1%

[8] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state “sampling error of rating not more than +/-1.9, sampling error of percentages not more than +/-3%, sampling error of net approval rates not more than +/-5% at 95% confidence level” when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[9] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level under the same weighting method, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.


Recent popularity figures of CE-elect Carrie Lam are summarized as follows:

Date of survey

27-30/3/17

3-6/4/17

24-27/4/17

8-11/5/17

22-25/5/17

5-8/6/17

Latest change

Sample base

1,002

1,009

1,006

1,004

1,003

1,036

--

Overall response rate

70.6%

73.1%

71.4%

72.1%

69.7%

69.4%

--

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding and error [10]

--

Rating of CE-elect Carrie Lam

55.6

55.6

52.6[11]

56.7[11]

54.0[11]

54.7+/-1.8

+0.7

Vote of confidence in CE-elect Carrie Lam

43%

48%[11]

42%[11]

47%[11]

46%

49+/-3%

+3%

Vote of no confidence in CE-elect Carrie Lam

50%

46%[11]

49%

44%[11]

45%

44+/-3%

-1%

Net approval rate

-8%

2%[11]

-7%[11]

3%[11]

0%

6+/-6%

+6%

[10] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state “sampling error of rating not more than +/-1.8, sampling error of percentages not more than +/-3%, sampling error of net approval rates not more than +/-6% at 95% confidence level” when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[11] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level under the same weighting method, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.


Recent popularity figures of the three Secretaries of Departments under the accountability system are summarized below:

Date of survey

6-9/2/17

22/2/17[12]

6-10/3/17

3-6/4/17

8-11/5/17

5-8/6/17

Latest change

Sample base[12]

615-664

559

497-688

571-601

542-624

633-668

--

Overall response rate

70.5%

64.4%

69.8%

73.1%

72.1%

69.4%

--

Latest finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding & error [13]

--

Rating of CS Matthew Cheung

50.4

--

52.5[14]

51.3

55.3[14]

49.3+/-1.9

-6.0[14]

Vote of confidence in
CS Matthew Cheung

29%

--

28%

31%

35%

26+/-3%

-9%[14]

Vote of no confidence in
CS Matthew Cheung

17%

--

15%

17%

18%

18+/-3%

--

Net approval rate

12%

--

13%

14%

17%

8+/-5%

-9%[14]

Rating of FS Paul Chan

34.0

47.4[14]

38.0[14]

37.2

39.7[14]

34.1+/-2.2

-5.6 [14]

Vote of confidence in FS Paul Chan

17%

30%[14]

21%[14]

16%[14]

21%[14]

18+/-3%

-3%

Vote of no confidence in FS Paul Chan

46%

26%[14]

44%[14]

49%[14]

49%

48+/-4%

-1%

Net approval rate

-29%

4%[14]

-24%[14]

-33%[14]

-27%

-30+/-6%

-3%

Rating of SJ Rimsky Yuen

45.5[14]

--

44.4

47.3[14]

47.3

46.6+/-2.2

-0.7

Vote of confidence in SJ Rimsky Yuen

31%

--

27%

30%

27%

30+/-4%

+3%

Vote of no confidence in SJ Rimsky Yuen

34%

--

34%

30%

32%

30+/-4%

-2%

Net approval rate

-2%

--

-7%

-1%

-5%

-1+/-6%

+4%

[12] The frequency of this series of questions is different from that of CE popularity ratings. Comparisons, if made, should be synchronized using the same intervals. Starting from 2011, these questions only uses sub-samples of the tracking surveys concerned, the sample size for each question also varies. The survey conducted on 22/2/2017 was the Budget instant survey and only asked rating of FS as well as his vote of confidence.

[13] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state “sampling error of various ratings not more than +/-2.2, sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4%, sampling error of net approval rates not more than +/-6% at 95% confidence level” when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[14] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level under the same weighting method, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.


Latest popularity figures of Directors of Bureaux under the accountability system are summarized below, in descending order of net approval rates:

Date of survey

3-6/4/17

8-11/5/17

5-8/6/17

Latest change

Sample base[15]

566-601

585-628

591-655

--

Overall response rate

73.1%

72.1%

69.4%

--

Sample base for each question /
Percentage of answer

Base

%

Base

%

Base

% &
error [16]

--

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man

579

82%

599

80%

649

77+/-3%

-3%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man

579

3%[17]

599

3%

649

5+/-2%

+2%

Net approval rate

579

79%

599

76%

649

72+/-4%

-4%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan

589

44%[17]

592

51%[17]

629

50+/-4%

-1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan

589

7%

592

9%

629

8+/-2%

-1%

Net approval rate

589

36%[17]

592

43%[17]

629

42+/-5%

-1%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing

601

32%

608

37%[17]

591

38+/-4%

+1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing

601

25%[17]

608

23%

591

18+/-3%

-5%[17]

Net approval rate

601

7%[17]

608

14%[17]

591

20+/-6%

+6%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam

597

34%

600

39%[17]

655

37+/-4%

-2%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam

597

21%

600

22%

655

21+/-3%

-1%

Net approval rate

597

13%[18]

600

18%

655

16+/-6%

-2%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung

592

21%

616

26%[17]

605

21+/-3%

-5%[17]

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung

592

7%

616

9%

605

6+/-2%

-3%[17]

Net approval rate

592

13%[18]

616

17%[19]

605

14+/-4%

-3%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok

598

44%[17]

585

42%

611

38+/-4%

-4%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok

598

27%

585

30%

611

28+/-4%

-2%

Net approval rate

598

17%[17]

585

12%

611

11+/-7%

-1%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Labour and Welfare Stephen Sui

598

23%

623

28%[17]

597

22+/-3%

-6%[17]

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Labour and Welfare Stephen Sui

598

12%

623

11%

597

11+/-3%

--

Net approval rate

598

11%

623

16%

597

10+/-5%

-6%[17]

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung

574

40%

595

40%

603

33+/-4%

-7%[17]

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung

574

19%

595

23%[17]

603

26+/-4%

+3%

Net approval rate

574

21%

595

17%[19]

603

7+/-6%

-10%[17]

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Development Eric Ma

585

20%

619

21%

626

21+/-3%

--

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Development Eric Ma

585

15%

619

14%

626

15+/-3%

+1%

Net approval rate

585

5%

619

7%

626

6+/-5%

-1%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So

597

38%

628

37%

609

33+/-4%

-4%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So

597

20%

628

27%[17]

609

28+/-4%

+1%

Net approval rate

597

18%

628

10%[17]

609

5+/-6%

-5%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang

579

21%

588

20%

606

21+/-3%

+1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang

579

23%

588

25%

606

25+/-4%

--

Net approval rate

579

-2%

588

-5%

606

-5+/-6%

--

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah

592

22%

591

24%

640

23+/-3%

-1%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah

592

46%

591

47%

640

48+/-4%

+1%

Net approval rate

592

-24%

591

-22%

640

-25+/-6%

-3%

Vote of confidence in Secretary for Education Eddie Ng

566

13%

611

15%

623

12+/-3%

-3%

Vote of no confidence in Secretary for Education Eddie Ng

566

63%

611

67%

623

63+/-4%

-4%

Net approval rate

566

-50%

611

-52%

623

-51+/-6%

+1%

[15] Starting from 2006, these questions only uses sub-samples of the tracking surveys concerned, the sample size for each question also varies.

[16] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state “sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4% and sampling error of net approval rates not more than +/-7% at 95% confidence level” when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[17] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level under the same weighting method, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.

[18] Based on the figures in early April, in two decimal places, the respective net approval rates of Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam and Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung are 13.34 and 13.33 percentage points. Thus, they are ranked sixth and seventh.

[19] Based on the figures in early May, in one decimal place, the respective net approval rates of Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung and Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung are 17.1 and 16.9 percentage points. Thus, they are ranked fourth and fifth.


The latest survey showed that, CE CY Leung scored 37.6 marks, and 20% supported him as CE, his net approval rate is negative 54 percentage points. CE-elect Carrie Lam scored 54.7 marks, and 49% supported her as CE, her net approval rate is positive 6 percentage points. Meanwhile, the corresponding ratings of CS Matthew Cheung, FS Paul Chan and SJ Rimsky Yuen are 49.3, 34.1 and 46.6 marks, and 26%, 18% and 30% would vote for their reappointments correspondingly. Their net approval rates are positive 8, negative 30 and negative 1 percentage points respectively.

As for the Directors of Bureaux, according to the net approval rates, results revealed that the top position goes to Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man, attaining positive 72 percentage points. The 2nd and 3rd places belong to Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan and Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing with net approval rates of positive 42 and positive 20 percentage points respectively. Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam, Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung, Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok, Secretary for Labour and Welfare Stephen Sui, Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung, Secretary for Development Eric Ma, Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So, Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang, Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah and Secretary for Education Eddie Ng ranked 4th to 13th, their corresponding net approval rates are positive 16, positive 14, positive 11, positive 10, positive 7, positive 6, positive 5, negative 5, negative 25 and negative 51 percentage points. In other words, only Ko Wing-man scored a net approval rate of over 50% among all Directors of Bureaux.

Opinion Daily

In January 2007, POP opened a feature page called “Opinion Daily” at the “POP Site”, to record significant events and selected polling figures on a day-to-day basis, in order to let readers judge by themselves the reasons for the ups and downs of different opinion figures. In July 2007, POP collaborated with Wisers Information Limited whereby Wisers supplies to POP each day starting from July 24, a record of significant events of that day, according to the research method designed by POP. These daily entries would be uploaded to “Opinion Daily” as soon as they are verified by POP.

For the polling items covered in this press release, the previous survey of some items was conducted from 8 to 11 May, 2017 while this survey was conducted from 5 to 8 June, 2017. During this period, herewith the significant events selected from counting newspaper headlines and commentaries on a daily basis and covered by at least 25% of the local newspaper articles. Readers can make their own judgment if these significant events have any impacts to different polling figures.

3/6/17

The Development Bureau announces the Sustainable Lantau Blueprint.

1/6/17

Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying attends his final question and answer session at the Legislative Council.

27/5/17

Zhang Dejiang reiterates the relationship between the central government and the HKSAR at a symposium commemorating the 20th anniversary of implementing the Basic Law of the HKSAR.

23/5/17

ICAC arrests 21 over faked concrete test results for Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge project.

22/5/17

Cathay Pacific Airways to layoff 600 staff members.

19/5/17

Hong Kong Monetary Authority announces tightening measures for property mortgage loans.

17/5/17

The government invites the Hong Kong Housing Society to study the feasibility of building housing on the fringes of Tai Lam and Ma On Shan country parks.

12/5/17

The government issues the First Quarter Economic Report 2017.

11/5/17

The suspect in Kowloon Bay robbery and rape case commits suicide in the police station.

9/5/17

United Christian Hospital admits that doctors failed to prescribe Tang Kwai-sze antiviral drugs for hepatitis B.

Commentary

Note: The following commentary was written by Senior Data Analyst of POP, Edward Tai.

Our latest survey conducted in early June shows that the latest support rating of CE CY Leung is 37.6, and continues to stand below the warning line of 45. His latest approval rate is 20%, disapproval rate 73%, giving a net popularity of negative 54 percentage points, which is similar to that of two weeks ago.

As for CE-elect Carrie Lam, her latest support rating is 54.7 marks, approval rate 49%, disapproval rate 44%, meaning that her net popularity has increased from zero registered two weeks ago to positive 6 percentage points, which is a record high since she was elected.

As for the Secretaries of Departments, the latest support rating of CS Matthew Cheung has dropped significantly by 6.0 marks over the month past to 49.3 marks. His approval rate is 26%, disapproval rate 18%, giving a net popularity of positive 8 percentage points, also representing a significant drop of 9 percentage points from last month. The latest support rating of FS Paul Chan has significantly dropped by 5.6 marks from a month ago to 34.1 marks, approval rate 18%, disapproval rate 48%, giving a net popularity of negative 30 percentage points. As for SJ Rimsky Yuen, his support rating stands at 46.6 marks, both approval rate and disapproval rate at 30%, giving a net popularity of negative 1 percentage point. In terms of popularity rating and approval rate, Matthew Cheung continues to be the most popular Secretary of Department.

As for the Directors of Bureaux, compared to one month ago, the net approval rates of 2 among 13 Directors have gone up, while 10 have gone down and 1 remains unchanged. Among them, only Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung and Secretary for Labour and Welfare Stephen Sui register significant changes in their net approval rates, down by 10 and 6 percentage points respectively. Among all the Directors, Nicholas Yang, Lau Kong-wah and Eddie Ng register negative popularities, at negative 5, 25 and 51 percentage points respectively. Ko Wing-man continues to be the most popular Director, with a net approval rate of positive 72 percentage points.

According to POP’s standard, Ko Wing-man falls under the category of “ideal” performer, Ceajer Chan falls under the category of “successful” performer. The performance of Lai Tung-kwok, Wong Kam-sing, Raymond Tam, Gregory So, Anthony Cheung, Rimsky Yuen, Lau Kong-wah and Paul Chan can be labeled as “mediocre”. That of Matthew Cheung, Stephen Sui, Eric Ma, Nicholas Yang and Clement Cheung can be labeled as “inconspicuous”. Eddie Ng falls into the category of “depressing” performer, while CY Leung falls into that of “disastrous”.

The following table summarizes the grading of CE and the principal officials for readers’ easy reference:

“Ideal”: those with approval rates of over 66%; ranked by their approval rates shown inside brackets

Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man (77%)

“Successful”: those with approval rates of over 50%; ranked by their approval rates shown inside brackets

Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury Ceajer Chan Ka-keung (50%)

“Mediocre”: those not belonging to other 5 types; ranked by their approval rates shown inside brackets

Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok (38%) [20]; Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing (38%)[20]; Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam Chi-yuen (37%); Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So Kam-leung (33%)[21]; Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung Bing-leung (33%)[21]; SJ Rimsky Yuen Kwok-keung (30%); Secretary for Home Affairs Lau Kong-wah (23%); FS Paul Chan Mo-po (18%)

“Inconspicuous”: those with recognition rates of less than 50%; ranked by their approval rates; the first figure inside bracket is approval rate while the second figure is recognition rate

CS Matthew Cheung Kin-chung (26%, 44%); Secretary for Labour and Welfare Stephen Sui Wai-keung (22%, 33%); Secretary for Development Eric Ma Siu-cheung (21%, 36%) [22]; Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang Wei-hsiung (21%, 46%) [22]; Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung Wan-ching (21%, 27%)[22]

“Depressing”: those with disapproval rates of over 50%; ranked by their disapproval rates shown inside brackets

Secretary for Education Eddie Ng Hak-kim (63%)

“Disastrous”: those with disapproval rates of over 66%; ranked by their disapproval rates shown inside brackets

CE Leung Chun-ying (73%)

[20] In one decimal place, the respective approval rates of Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok and Secretary for the Environment Wong Kam-sing are 38.3% and 37.7%.

[21] In one decimal place, the respective approval rates of Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Gregory So Kam-leung and Secretary for Transport and Housing Anthony Cheung Bing-leung are 33.1% and 32.7%.

[22] In one decimal place, the respective approval rates of Secretary for Development Eric Ma Siu-cheung, Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nicholas Yang Wei-hsiung and Secretary for the Civil Service Clement Cheung Wan-ching are 20.7%, 20.6% and 20.5%.


Since the support rating of CE CY Leung continues to stand below the warning line of 45, I reprint the abstracts of three articles written by Robert Ting-Yiu Chung, Director of POP, before on CE popularity for public reference, to discuss the relationship between CE popularity and governance crisis. The articles can be downloaded in full from the POP Site or facebook page “Chung’s Blunt Words”.

“The Popularity of Tung Chee-hwa from All Angles” (released on 14/5/2003): “According to our experience, a political figure with less than 50 marks can be said to have fallen into negative popularity, while a score of less than 45 marks can indicate credibility crisis. Using this analysis, Tung has been negatively popular among the general public since August 2002, and in March 2003, he has sunk into a credibility crisis...”

“New Perspectives on Chief Executive Ratings” (released on 12/6/2003): “Concurrent tests showed that a support rating of …50 marks could be converted to round about 30%, 45 marks to 20%... In late 1990, after the ‘approval rate’ of Margaret Thatcher sank to 25%, she withdrew from the election for the leader of the British Conservative Party… In early 1997, John Major lost his post of Prime Minister… after his ‘approval rate’ hovered around the level of 30% for a long time...”

“Governance Crises Cannot be Ignored” (released on 25/4/2017): “In contemporary Britain, if the popularity of the Prime Minister falls below 30%, party rule will change… PM has to get an ‘approval rate’ of 44% in order to remain in office. In the United States, since 1944, a ruling party can only remain in office if the president achieved an ‘approval rate’ of 48% before the election… thus, back in Hong Kong, benchmarking ‘governance crisis’ with a rating score of 45, equivalent to 20% approval rate looks reasonable… Less than a month after the author issued a ‘credibility crisis’ in 2003, half a million people took to the street… Soon after CY Leung became CE, his popularity gradually sank, many times close to the crisis level of 45… Admit or not, crisis finally erupted into the Umbrella Movement and Mongkok Chaos, which were much more serious than that of July 1 rally in 2003.”

Future Release (Tentative)

  • June 20, 2017 (Tuesday) 1pm to 2pm: Hong Kong people’s ethnic identity