HKU POP releases popularity figures of CE and the Government, HKSAR Anniversary survey and forecasts July 1 rally study arrangementsBack

 

Press Release on June 26, 2018

| Detailed Findings (Rating of Chief Executive Carrie Lam) | (People's Satisfaction with the HKSAR Government)

| Detailed Findings (People's Trust in the HKSAR Government) |

| Detailed Findings (HKSAR Anniversary Surveys) |

Special Announcements

1. From July 2017, apart from sampling landline numbers to conduct opinion surveys, the Public Opinion Programme (POP) of The University of Hong Kong has also added mobile numbers to the sampling frame. After three months of testing, in October 2017, POP formalized the use of mixed samples as its standard for regular opinion surveys using a landline and mobile sample ratio of 4 to 1. Starting from April 2018, POP further increased the proportion of mobile sample, which the landline and mobile sample ratio became 2 to 1. The figures released today by POP have already incorporated landline and mobile samples.

2. To facilitate academic study and rational discussion, POP today released via the "HKU POP SITE" (http://hkupop.hku.hk) the raw data and related respondents' demographics of the latest rating survey of CE Carrie Lam, together with those of regular rating surveys of former CEs CH Tung, Donald Tsang and CY Leung released earlier, for public examination. Please follow normal academic standards when using or citing such data.

3. Moreover, as in previous years, POP will conduct a headcount student project of July 1 Rally participants coming Sunday, and releases its preliminary results via the "POP Site" in the evening, around 2 to 4 hours after the rally.

Abstract

POP interviewed 1,000 Hong Kong people between 14 and 21 June 2018 by means of a random telephone survey conducted by real interviewers. Our survey shows that the popularity figures of CE Carrie Lam have not changed much since two weeks ago. Her latest popularity rating is 54.3 marks. Her latest approval rate is 44%, disapproval rate 42%, giving a net popularity of positive 2 percentage points. As for the SAR Government, its popularity also has not changed much over the past two weeks. Its satisfaction rate now stands at 35%, dissatisfaction rate 44%, giving a net satisfaction rate of negative 10 percentage points. As for people's trust in the government, the trust rate now stands at 51%, distrust rate 35%, giving a net trust of positive 16 percentage points. As for the society's appraisals, among economic, livelihood and political conditions, people remain to be least satisfied with the current political condition. The corresponding net satisfactions are positive 13, negative 23 and negative 37 percentage points. As for the five specific policy areas, in terms of net satisfaction rate, handling of its relation with the Central Government and maintaining economic prosperity registered positive values at positive 19 and positive 10 percentage points respectively. The other three items registered negative values, protecting human rights and freedom as well as improving people's livelihood both at negative 13 percentage points, and developing democracy at negative 26 percentage points. Compared to six months ago when figures were rather high, the net satisfaction rates of all five indicators have decreased. Among them, the drops in the net satisfaction rates of improving people's livelihood, maintaining economic prosperity and developing democracy have gone beyond sampling errors. As the 21st Handover Anniversary draws near, our survey shows that compared to this time last year, Hong Kong people's sense of pride in becoming a Chinese national citizen has increased by 4 percentage points to 38%, while the percentage of those not feeling proud has decreased by 5 percentage points to 57%. Regarding people's appraisal of the Central Government's Hong Kong policies, positive appraisal now stands at 36%, negative appraisal at 38%, resulting in a net value of negative 2 percentage points which is the same as that in last year. Indepth analyses show that the younger the respondent, the less proud one feels of becoming a Chinese national citizen, and also more negative about the Central Government's policies on Hong Kong. The maximum sampling error of all percentage figures is +/-4 percentage points at 95% confidence level, while the sampling error of rating figures and net values need another calculation. The response rate of the survey is 60%.

Points to note:

[1] The address of the "HKU POP SITE" is http://hkupop.hku.hk, journalists can check out the details of the survey there.

[2] The sample size of this survey is 1,000 successful interviews, not 1,000 x 59.6% response rate. In the past, many media made this mistake.

[3] The maximum sampling error of percentages is +/-4 percentage points at 95% confidence level, while the sampling error of rating figure and net value needs another calculation. "95% confidence level" means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. When quoting these figures, journalists can state "sampling error of rating not more than +/-1.8 and sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4%, sampling error of net values not more than +/-7% at 95% confidence level".

[4] Because of sampling errors in conducting the survey(s) and the rounding procedures in processing the data, the figures cannot be too precise, and the totals may not be completely accurate. Therefore, when quoting percentages of the survey(s), journalists should refrain from reporting decimal places, but when quoting the rating figures, one decimal place can be used.

[5] The data of this survey is collected by means of random telephone interviews conducted by real interviewers, not by any interactive voice system (IVS). If a research organization uses "computerized random telephone survey" to camouflage its IVS operation, it should be considered unprofessional.


Latest Figures

From July 2017, POP enhanced the previous weighting method that has been used for quite a few years. Apart from age, gender and education, economic activity group is now also taken into account when adjusting data. The latest figures released today have been rim-weighted according to figures collected in the 2016 By-census regarding the gender-age distribution of the Hong Kong population and the 2017 educational attainment (highest level attended) distribution and economic activity status distribution obtained from the Census and Statistics Department. The mobile sample has also been rim-weighted according to the basic Public Sentiment Index (PSI) figures collected in the landline sample. Herewith the contact information for the latest survey:

Date of survey

Effective sample size

Effective response rate

Maximum sampling error
of percentages[6]

14-21/6/2018

1,000

59.6%

+/-3%

[6] Errors are calculated at 95% confidence level using full sample size. "95% confidence level" means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Questions using only sub-samples would have bigger sampling error. Sampling errors of ratings are calculated according to the distribution of the scores collected.


I. Popularity of CE and the Government

Recent popularity figures of CE Carrie Lam and the HKSAR Government, as well as people's appraisal of society's conditions are summarized as follows:

Date of survey

2-4/4/18

16-19/4/18

4-9/5/18

21-25/5/18

4-7/6/18

14-21/6/18

Latest change

Sample base

1,003

1,001

1,017

1,009

1,001

1,000

--

Effective response rate

57.9%

56.4%

59.5%

55.9%

56.3%

59.6%

--

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding & error[7]

--

Rating of CE Carrie Lam

55.6

53.9

57.8[9]

52.7[9]

54.3

54.3+/-1.8

--

Vote of confidence in CE Carrie Lam

42%

45%

49%[9]

39%[9]

48%[9]

44+/-3%

-4%[9]

Vote of no confidence in CE Carrie Lam

44%

41%

35%[9]

44%[9]

40%[9]

42+/-3%

+2%

Net approval rate

-2%

4%

13%[9]

-5%[9]

7%[9]

2+/-6%

-5%

Satisfaction rate of SARG performance[8]

31%[9]

35%

37%

30%[9]

34%

35+/-4%

+1%

Dissatisfaction rate of SARG performance[8]

49%[9]

42%[9]

41%

48%[9]

42%[9]

44+/-4%

+2%

Net satisfaction rate

-18%[9]

-7%[9]

-3%

-19%[9]

-8%[9]

-10+/-7%

-2%

Mean value[8]

2.6[9]

(Base=605)

2.8[9]

(Base=621)

2.9

(Base=552)

2.7[9]

(Base=542)

2.8

(Base=614)

2.7+/-0.1

(Base=625)

-0.1

Trust in HKSAR Government[8]

42%[9]

43%

47%

41%[9]

49%[9]

51+/-4%

+2%

Distrust in HKSAR Government[8]

42%[9]

35%[9]

35%

43%[9]

36%[9]

35+/-4%

-1%

Net trust

0%[9]

8%[9]

11%

-2%[9]

13%[9]

16+/-7%

+3%

Mean value[8]

2.9[9]

(Base=603)

3.0

(Base=622)

3.1

(Base=551)

2.8[9]

(Base=542)

3.1[9]

(Base=616)

3.1+/-0.1

(Base=618)

--

Current economic condition:
Satisfaction rate[8]

41%[9]

41%

51%[9]

43%[9]

46%

45+/-3%

-1%

Current economic condition:
Dissatisfaction rate[8]

38%[9]

38%

26%[9]

35%[9]

32%

31+/-3%

-1%

Net satisfaction rate

3%[9]

2%

25%[9]

7%[9]

14%[9]

13+/-5%

-1%

Mean value[8]

2.9[9]

(Base=987)

2.9

(Base=989)

3.2[9]

(Base=1,005)

3.0[9]

(Base=988)

3.1

(Base=990)

3.1+/-0.1

(Base=978)

--

Current livelihood condition:
Satisfaction rate[8]

28%

28%

35%[9]

25%[9]

30%[9]

28+/-3%

-2%

Current livelihood condition:
Dissatisfaction rate[8]

57%[9]

51%[9]

43%[9]

55%[9]

49%[9]

51+/-3%

+2%

Net satisfaction rate

-29%

-23%[9]

-8%[9]

-31%[9]

-19%[9]

-23+/-5%

-4%

Mean value[8]

2.4

(Base=995)

2.6[9]

(Base=990)

2.8[9]

(Base=1,006)

2.5[9]

(Base=990)

2.6

(Base=982)

2.6+/-0.1

(Base=981)

--

Current political condition:
Satisfaction rate[8]

17%

17%

18%

14%[9]

20%[9]

22+/-3%

+2%

Current political condition:
Dissatisfaction rate[8]

67%

64%

60%[9]

66%[9]

63%

59+/-3%

-4%[9]

Net satisfaction rate

-50%

-47%

-43%

-52%[9]

-43%[9]

-37+/-5%

+6%[9]

Mean value[8]

2.1

(Base=966)

2.1

(Base=955)

2.3[9]

(Base=979)

2.1[9]

(Base=936)

2.2

(Base=939)

2.3+/-0.1

(Base=924)

+0.1

[7] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. "95% confidence level" means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state "sampling error of rating not more than +/-1.8, sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4%, sampling error of net values not more than +/-7% at 95% confidence level" when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[8] Collapsed from a 5-point scale. The mean value is calculated by quantifying all individual responses into 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 marks according to their degree of positive level, where 1 is the lowest and 5 the highest, and then calculate the sample mean. This question only uses sub-samples of the tracking surveys concerned. The sample size for this series is 634.

[9] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful, and different weighting methods could have been applied in different surveys.


The latest survey showed that CE Carrie Lam scored 54.3 marks, and 44% supported her as CE, her net approval rate is positive 2 percentage points. Regarding people's appraisal of the overall performance of the HKSAR Government, the latest figures revealed that 35% were satisfied, whereas 44% were dissatisfied, thus net satisfaction stands at negative 10 percentage points. The mean score is 2.7, meaning between "half-half" and "quite dissatisfied" in general. Meanwhile, 51% of the respondents trusted the HKSAR Government, the net trust value is positive 16 percentage points, while the mean score is 3.1, which is close to "half-half". As for people's satisfaction with the current economic, livelihood and political conditions, the latest satisfaction rates were 45%, 28% and 22% respectively, while their net satisfaction rates in these conditions were positive 13, negative 23 and negative 37 percentage points. The mean scores of the economic, livelihood and political conditions were 3.1, 2.6 and 2.3, meaning between "half-half" and "quite dissatisfied" in general.

Recent figures on people's appraisal of the five specific policy areas of the HKSAR Government are tabulated as follows, in descending order of net satisfaction rates:

Date of survey

19-22/12/16

16-20/3/17

19-22/6/17

18-19/12/17

14-21/6/18

Latest change

Sample base[10]

541-631

571-623

542-634

569-652

588-666

--

Response rate*

70.9%

72.2%

71.2%

64.9%

59.6%

--

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding & error[11]

--

Relation with the Central Government: Satisfaction rate [12]

36%[13]

43%[13]

37%[13]

52%[13]

52+/-4%

--

Relation with the Central Government: Dissatisfaction rate[12]

39%[13]

39%

36%

26%[13]

33+/-4%

+7%[13]

Net satisfaction rate

-3%[13]

4%

1%

26%[13]

19+/-7%

-7%

Mean value[12]

2.8

(Base=547)

2.9

(Base=586)

2.9

(Base=566)

3.3[13]

(Base=561)

3.2+/-0.1

(Base=561)

-0.1

Maintaining economic prosperity: Satisfaction rate [12]

36%

40%

38%

44%[13]

46+/-4%

+2%

Maintaining economic prosperity: Dissatisfaction rate [12]

40%

34%[13]

35%

26%[13]

35+/-4%

+9%[13]

Net satisfaction rate

-4%

6%[13]

2%

18%[13]

10+/-7%

-8%[13]

Mean value[12]

2.9

(Base=533)

3.0

(Base=572)

3.0

(Base=587)

3.1

(Base=596)

3.0+/-0.1

(Base=582)

-0.1

Protecting human rights and freedom: Satisfaction rate [12]

32%

32%

36%

36%

36+/-4%

--

Protecting human rights and freedom: Dissatisfaction rate[12]

47%

50%

43%[13]

44%

49+/-4%

+5%[13]

Net satisfaction rate

-14%

-18%

-7%[13]

-8%

-13+/-7%

-5%

Mean value[12]

2.6

(Base=561)

2.6

(Base=577)

2.8[13]

(Base=536)

2.7

(Base=588)

2.7+/-0.1

(Base=610)

--

Improving people's livelihood: Satisfaction rate [12]

26%

31%[13]

26%[13]

39%[13]

34+/-4%

-5%[13]

Improving people's livelihood: Dissatisfaction rate [12]

52%

49%

49%

38%[13]

47+/-4%

+9%[13]

Net satisfaction rate

-26%

-18%[13]

-22%

1%[13]

-13+/-7%

-14%[13]

Mean value[12]

2.6

(Base=607)

2.7

(Base=587)

2.6

(Base=534)

2.9[13]

(Base=623)

2.7+/-0.1

(Base=650)

-0.2[13]

Pace of democratic development: Satisfaction rate [12]

24%

24%

25%

30%[13]

29+/-4%

-1%

Pace of democratic development: Dissatisfaction rate [12]

51%

57%[13]

52%[13]

49%

55+/-4%

+6%[13]

Net satisfaction rate

-27%[13]

-33%

-27%

-18%[13]

-26+/-7%

-8%[13]

Mean value[12]

2.5[13]

(Base=594)

2.4

(Base=549)

2.5

(Base=542)

2.6

(Base=530)

2.4+/-0.1

(Base=597)

-0.2[13]

* "Overall response rate" was used before September 2017, thereafter, "effective response rate" was used.

[10] These questions only use sub-samples of the surveys concerned, the sample size for each question also varies. Since July 2017, this survey series has been changed to once every 6 months.

[11] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. "95% confidence level" means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state "sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4%, sampling error of net values not more than +/-7% at 95% confidence level" when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[12] Collapsed from a 5-point scale. The mean value is calculated by quantifying all individual responses into 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 marks according to their degree of positive level, where 1 is the lowest and 5 the highest, and then calculate the sample mean.

[13] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful, and different weighting methods could have been applied in different surveys.


Of the 5 specific policy areas, people were most satisfied with the Government's performance in handling its relation with the Central Government, with a net satisfaction rate of positive 19 percentage points. The Government's performance in maintaining economic prosperity followed, attaining a net satisfaction rate of positive 10 percentage points. That in protecting human rights and freedom and improving people's livelihood both attained a net satisfaction rate of negative 13 percentage points. Lastly, the net satisfaction rate of the Government's pace of democratic development stands at negative 26 percentage points. The mean scores of these 5 specific areas are 3.2, 3.0, 2.7, 2.7 and 2.4 respectively, which are in between "quite satisfied" and "quite dissatisfied" in general.

Opinion Daily

In January 2007, POP opened a feature page called "Opinion Daily" at the "POP Site", to record significant events and selected polling figures on a day-to-day basis, in order to let readers judge by themselves the reasons for the ups and downs of different opinion figures. In July 2007, POP collaborated with Wisers Information Limited whereby Wisers supplies to POP each day starting from July 24, a record of significant events of that day, according to the research method designed by POP. These daily entries would be uploaded to "Opinion Daily" as soon as they are verified by POP.

The previous survey of people's appraisal of the five specific policy areas was conducted from 18 to 19 December, 2017 while this survey was conducted from 14 to 21 June, 2018. During this period, herewith the significant events selected from counting newspaper headlines and commentaries on a daily basis and covered by at least 25% of the local newspaper articles. Readers can make their own judgment if these significant events have any impacts to different polling figures.


16/6/18

Media continues to report on problems about the construction of the Shatin to Central Link.

14/6/18

The Legislative Council passes the third reading of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (Co-location) Bill.

11/6/18

Edward Leung Tin-kei is sentenced for 6 years for rioting in Mong Kok during the Lunar New Year in 2016.

6/6/18

Dishonest practices were exposed in the coupling of steel bars in Hung Hom Station at the Shatin to Central Link.

14/5/18

President Xi Jinping supports Hong Kong becoming an international center for innovative science and technology.

11/5/18

First meeting of the Hong Kong-Sichuan Co-operation Conference is held in Chengdu.

28/4/18

The Central Government's Liaison Office holds "Public Open Day" for the first time.

26/4/18

The Task Force on Land Supply commences public consultation.

21/4/18

Qiao Xiaoyang says Hong Kong independence is unconstitutional.

31/3/18

Media reports on the remarks made by Benny Tai Yiu-ting, Associate Professor of the Faculty of Law of the University of Hong Kong at a Taiwan seminar that Hong Kong could consider becoming an independent state.

27/3/18

MTR fare will increase by 3.14% in June.

23/3/18

Government announces that eligible citizens can collect $4,000 through the Caring and Sharing Scheme.


II. HKSAR Anniversary Survey

The survey results are tabulated below:

Date of survey

16-19/6/14

22-25/6/15

20-23/6/16

19-22/6/17

14-21/6/18

Latest change

Sample base

1,018

1,038

1,006

1,007

1,000

--

Response rate*

68.4%

67.4%

69.5%

71.2%

59.6%

--

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding

Finding & Error[14]

--

Proud of becoming a national citizen of China

33%

38%[16]

31%[16]

34%

38+/-3%

+4%[16]

Not proud of becoming a national citizen of China

62%

56%[16]

65%[16]

62%

57+/-3%

-5%[16]

Central Government's HK policies: positive appraisal [15]

31%

33%

27%[16]

35%[16]

36+/-3%

+1%

Central Government's HK policies: negative appraisal [15]

33%

32%

38%[16]

36%

38+/-3%

+2%

Central Government's HK policies: net appraisal [15]

-2%

2%

-11%[16]

-2%[16]

-2+/-5%

--

Mean value[15]

2.9

(Base=969)

3.0

(Base=981)

2.7[16]

(Base=941)

2.9[16]

(Base=958)

2.9+/-0.1

(Base=942)

--

* "Overall response rate" was used before September 2017, thereafter, "effective response rate" was used.

[14] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. "95% confidence level" means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state "sampling error of percentages not more than +/-3% and sampling error of net satisfaction rates not more than +/-5% at 95% confidence level" when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.

[15] Collapsed from a 5-point scale. The mean value is calculated by quantifying all individual responses into 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 marks according to their degree of positive level, where 1 is the lowest and 5 the highest, and then calculate the sample mean.

[16] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful, and different weighting methods could have been applied in different surveys.


Results of the latest anniversary survey revealed that, 38% of the respondents were proud of becoming a national citizen of China after the handover, while 57% said they did not have such feeling. As for the policy of the Central Government on Hong Kong after the handover, 36% of the respondents evaluated it positively, whereas 38% gave negative appraisal, giving a net appraisal of negative 2 percentage points. The mean score is 2.9 marks, meaning close to "half-half" in general.

Indepth Analysis

In the survey, we also asked respondents for their age. If they were reluctant to give their exact age, they could give us a range. According to their answers, we grouped them into 18-29, 30-49, and 50 years or older. Herewith further analysis of respondent being proud of becoming a national citizen of China and Central Government's policy on Hong Kong by age:

Date of survey: 14-21/6/2018

18-29

30-49

50 or above

Overall sample

Proud to be a national citizen of China[17]

Yes

16+/-6%
(28)

31+/-5%
(105)

51+/-5%
(242)

38+/-3%
(375)

No

77+/-6%
(133)

65+/-5%
(216)

44+/-5%
(207)

57+/-3%
(556)

Don't know / hard to say

7+/-4%
(13)

4+/-2%
(14)

5+/-2%
(25)

5+/-1%
(51)

Total

100%
(173)

100%
(335)

100%
(474)

100%
(982)

[17] Differences among sub-groups are tested to be statistically significant at 99% confidence level


Date of survey: 14-21/6/2018

18-29

30-49

50 or above

Overall sample

Appraisal of the Central Government's Hong Kong policies[18]

Positive

13+/-5%
(23)

29+/-5%
(97)

50+/-5%
(234)

36+/-3%
(353)

Half-half

26+/-7%
(44)

22+/-4%
(72)

18+/-4%
(85)

21+/-3%
(201)

Negative

55+/-8%
(95)

47+/-5%
(156)

27+/-4%
(125)

38+/-3%
(377)

Don't know / hard to say

6+/-4%
(11)

3+/-2%
(11)

6+/-2%
(28)

5+/-1%
(49)

Total

100%
(173)

100%
(336)

100%
(472)

100%
(981)

[18] Differences among sub-groups are tested to be statistically significant at 99% confidence level


Commentary

Note: The following commentary was written by Research Manager of POP, Frank Lee.

Our latest survey shows that the popularity figures of CE Carrie Lam have not changed much since two weeks ago. Her latest popularity rating is 54.3 marks. Her latest approval rate is 44%, disapproval rate 42%, giving a net popularity of positive 2 percentage points.

As for the SAR Government, its popularity also has not changed much over the past two weeks. Its satisfaction rate now stands at 35%, dissatisfaction rate 44%, giving a net satisfaction rate of negative 10 percentage points. As for people's trust in the government, the trust rate now stands at 51%, distrust rate 35%, giving a net trust of positive 16 percentage points. As for the society's appraisals, among economic, livelihood and political conditions, people remain to be least satisfied with the current political condition. The corresponding net satisfactions are positive 13, negative 23 and negative 37 percentage points.

As for the five specific policy areas, in terms of net satisfaction rate, handling of its relation with the Central Government and maintaining economic prosperity registered positive values at positive 19 and positive 10 percentage points respectively. The other three items registered negative values, protecting human rights and freedom as well as improving people's livelihood both at negative 13 percentage points, and developing democracy at negative 26 percentage points. Compared to six months ago when figures were rather high, the net satisfaction rates of all five indicators have decreased. Among them, the drops in the net satisfaction rates of improving people's livelihood, maintaining economic prosperity and developing democracy have gone beyond sampling errors.

As the 21st Handover Anniversary draws near, our survey shows that compared to this time last year, Hong Kong people's sense of pride in becoming a Chinese national citizen has increased by 4 percentage points to 38%, while the percentage of those not feeling proud has decreased by 5 percentage points to 57%. Regarding people's appraisal of the Central Government's Hong Kong policies, positive appraisal now stands at 36%, negative appraisal at 38%, resulting in a net value of negative 2 percentage points which is the same as that in last year. Indepth analyses show that the younger the respondent, the less proud one feels of becoming a Chinese national citizen, and also more negative about the Central Government's policies on Hong Kong.

Future Release (Tentative)

  • July 3, 2018 (Tuesday) 12pm to 2pm: People's appraisal of society's conditions, Public Sentiment Index